3D structure & magnetic topology of FTE at the magnetopause


Flux transfer events (FTEs) at the magnetopause create channels for transfer of solar wind energy and plasma into geospace. This work provides a first in situ measurements on the 3D structure and magnetic topology of FTEs, together with the determination of FTE axes, to indicate the important roles of multiple reconnection in the FTE generation.

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Shocking recipe for 'killer electrons'


Interplanetary shocks can create "killer electrons" in the near-Earth space environment within 15 minutes of the shock reaching the Earth's protective magnetic bubble. The underlying mechanism for this process has now been revealed as a result of a rare configuration of satellites, including Cluster, SOHO and Double Star

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